As Search Nears End, Florida Condo Death Toll Becomes Clearer

Officials in Surfside, Fla., now estimate that the total number of dead will be between 95 and 99 people.

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MIAMI — The death toll from a catastrophic condominium collapse in Florida last month, once feared to be well more than 100 people, is expected to land between 95 and 99 people, with the search-and-recovery operation at the disaster site nearing its end.

Champlain Towers South in Surfside partially crumbled early on June 24. In the 20 days crews have searched for victims, slowly removing layer after layer of rubble from the 13-story building, they have found the remains of 95 people.

Eighty-five of them have been identified. The other 10 victims will be considered unaccounted for until the medical examiner’s office in Miami-Dade County can identify them through various forensic techniques, including comparing DNA samples of family members.

The identification process has grown increasingly challenging, Mayor Daniella Levine Cava of Miami-Dade County said on Tuesday, because of the deteriorated condition of the human remains that have been found.

“This work is becoming more difficult with the passage of time,” she said.

In addition to the 10 unidentified people who are known to have been in the building, the list of those potentially still missing includes four more names, for a total of 14, said Alfredo Ramirez III, the director of the Miami-Dade Police Department. Those four were identified by friends or family members as possibly in the building when it collapsed, and they have not been found alive elsewhere.

If any of their remains are found in the building, the death toll could rise to as high as 99 people, making the fall of the Champlain Towers one of the deadliest structural building failures in U.S. history. In 1981, the year the high-rise was built, the Kansas City Hyatt Regency in Missouri collapsed, killing 114 people.

The number of people unaccounted for in the Surfside ruins has varied widely because so many people reported missing loved ones after the collapse. (The building did not keep a record of who was in it at any given time.)

A team of detectives has had to follow up on each tip, calling relatives and scouring databases for information. Some people left incomplete tips and did not provide contact information, leaving detectives with no easy way to confirm if the tip was real.

On the day after the collapse, officials said more than 150 people were potentially unaccounted for.

Ms. Levine Cava said formal missing persons reports have been filed for 12 of the 14 people who remain unaccounted for. Detectives continue to try to verify the other two names on the list. It is also possible that the list is incomplete, if someone who was in the building has not been reported missing over the past 20 days.

“Our detectives have gone through all the manifests, all the proper documentation,” Mr. Ramirez said. “It’s going to take some time.”

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